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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4-6

The Prevalence of Oral Cancer in Patients Consuming Tobacco Products: A Dental OPD Based Retrospective Study at IGIMS, Patna, Bihar

1 Associate Professor Dept. of Dentistry, Govt. Dental College, Chennai, India
2 MDs, Dept. of Conservative Dentistry (P.G. Student), Govt. Dental College, Chennai, India
3 Professor Dept. of RCC, PMCH, Patna, Bihar, India
4 Professor Dept. of Dentistry, PMCH, Patna, Bihar, India
5 Assistant Professor Dept. of community Medicine, PMCH, Patna, Bihar, India
6 MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, PMCH, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjay Kumar
Associate Professor, Dept. of Dentistry, IGIMS, Patna-14, Bihar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Introduction: Oral cancer is the one of the most prevalent disease in Bihar. The main reason of oral cancer is the use of tobacco and tobacco related products. Seventy-five percent of all head and neck cancers begin in the oral cavity. According to the National cancer institute’s surveillance, epidemiology, and ends results (SEER) program, 30 percent of oral cancers originate in the tongue, 17 percent in the lip, and 14 percent in the floor of the mouth. Aim and Objective: The study was conducted for screening of oral cancer among tobacco consuming patients reported to dental OPD at IGIMS, Patna in male and female groups. Materials and Method: Retrospective study was conducted to access the prevalence of oral cancer among 4200 outpatients who reported to dental OPD at IGIMS, Patna from October 2011 to December 2014. The clinical diagnosis of oral cancer was made after intra-oral examination of patients showing characteristic features of oral cancer. The patients were grouped under male and female categories. According to[2],[12],[13] American oral cancer society following physical criteria is included for oral cancer detection. 1) Most common symptom is sore mouth with easy bleeding and ulcer doesn’t heal. 2. Most common sign of oral cancer is pain that doesn’t go away. 3. Lump or thickening in the cheek and lymph node enlargement, their consistency of lymph node are hard and painless. 4. Red or white patches on gingiva, tongue, floor of the mouth etc 5. Sore throat or feeling of something caught in the throat. 6. Difficulty in swallowing, eating, drinking water etc 7. Unexplained loss of teeth. 8. Numbness in the part of oral cavity. Results: The total numbers of oral cancer patients screened were 120. The prevalence of oral cancer in this study was 120 (2.86%). Majority of subjects were male, 85 out of 120 (70.8 %) in comparison to females, 35 out of 120 (29.16%). Conclusion: The findings of the study clearly indicate that prevalence of oral cancer and use of smokeless tobacco has direct relationship in causation of oral cancer. The male are consuming more tobacco products than female so, occurrences of oral cancer are more in male.

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