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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 113-117

Climate change and health: Medico-legal framework in India

Assistant Professor, School of Law, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Nandini Biswas
Assistant Professor, School of Law, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, Uttarakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Amongst the ballistic missile politics, bitcoin slump, another predominant issue that needs serious redressal not only at international level, but also even at the national and domestic level is Climate Change. Climate Change is for real causing fundamental threat to health with both short and long-term effects. Melting glaciers, rising sea levels, global warming, severe drought, frequent wildfires are some of the effects of the problem. According to National Research Council, evidences of the effects of climate change have been found in tree rings, coral reefs, ocean sediments, and layers of sedimentary rocks. These evidences discloses the fact that the current warming is occurring ten times faster than the average rate of ice-age-recovery warming.[1] The causes of climate change are increased human activities of deforestation, industrialization, burning fossil fuels, carbon emissions by motor vehicles leading to rise in greenhouse gases. To address the problem of climate change at the international level, on 5th October 2016 the conditions for entry into force for Paris Agreement was laid. The Agreement entered into force on 4th November 2016 in accordance with its Article 21, Paragraph 1, which read as: “This Agreement shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date on which at least 55 Parties to the Convention accounting in total for at least an estimated 55 per cent of the total global greenhouse gas emissions have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.” Till date, 185 state parties ratified out of 197 signatory parties in the Paris Agreement. Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which aims to reduce greenhouse gas concentration at a predefined level with the support of the global community, Paris Agreement has successfully helped to remind the state parties that climate change is a common challenge wherein the global community has to identify, mitigate, strengthen and adapt their national and domestic policies. The emergent issue of climate change sees no territorial boundaries. The global community must wake up to the warning that this ‘tragedy of the commons’ should be recognized, mitigated and collective action towards sustainability should be observed at the international, national and domestic level.

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