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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 131-134

Primary management of anorectal malformation: Initial result at a tertiary care centre

1 Additional professor, Dept. of Paediatric Surgery, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Professor & Head, Dept. of Paediatric Surgery, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India
3 Associate professor, Dept. of Paediatric Surgery, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India
4 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Paediatric Surgery, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Vinit Kumar Thakur
Additional professor, Dept. of Paediatric Surgery, IGIMS, Patna
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background : Anorectal malformations [ARM] are common neonatal surgical emergencies. They can be treated either by staged procedure or by single-stage procedure. In the present study, we have performed single-stage surgery of ARM in both male and female. Materials and Method: Retrospective review of cases of ARM operated over 3 years in the Department of Paediatric surgery at a tertiary care centre from January 2015 to December 2018 was done. In this study, we compared the results of single stage repair of Anorectal malformation (category1) with that of staged procedure performed earlier (category 2).In male babies 43 patients were operated by primary PSARP (posterior sagittal anorectoplasty) and remaining 11 by primary APP (abdomino-perineal pull through) procedure. Out of 65 female patients, PSARP was performed in 39 (60%) cases of recto vestibular fistula, ASARP in 23 (29.2%), Primary Abdomino-perineal pull-through in 4 (6.1%) cases of common cloaca. The result of this procedure was compared with that of staged procedure. (Category 2) Result : Mean post- operative hospital stay in category 1 was 11 days and 32 days in category 2. Mean duration of surgery in category 1 was 1hour and 15 minutes and 3 and half hours in category 2 that included initial colostomy, PASRP or APP and colostomy closure. In category 1, 41 (75.9%) cases had stool frequency 3- 5 per day while in category 2, 20 (51%) patients had the same frequency at the age of three years which was found to be statistically significant (P value? 0.001). Similar findings were observed in female patients. Conclusion : Single-stage surgical repair of Anorectal malformation in both male and female patient are reliable and can be safely performed with advancement of surgical expertise and better anaesthetic support with few exceptions. Early results are encouraging. However, long term study is required for its justification.

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