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CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 132-135

Gliomatosis peritonei with ovarian teratoma: A report of three cases and literature review


1 Department of Gynecological Oncology, SCI, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Department of Hematology (Pathology), Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
3 Department of Pathology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Sangeeta Pankaj
Department of Gynecological Oncology, SCI, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna - 800 014, Bihar
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jigims.jigims_40_21

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Gliomatosis Peritonei (GP) is a rare condition characterized by the presence of neuroglial implants throughout the peritoneum. It is a benign lesion with a potential for malignant transformation. Its association with ovarian teratomas has been sparsely reported in the literature. As GP is a rarity, it lacks forth set and accepted guidelines for management. Here, we report three intriguing cases of histopathologically confirmed GP in association with ovarian teratoma. All three patients were young females between 18 and 22 years of age and presented with abdominal swelling and ascites. On evaluation, they had raised tumor markers (CA-125, Agence France-Presse, and lactate dehydrogenase) and radiological findings were in favor of ovarian malignancy. Two of them underwent primary debulking surgery, whereas one received neoadjuvant chemotherapy in view of recurrent ovarian tumor of nonseminal germ cell nature followed by interval debulking surgery. Intraoperative findings in all three cases were almost similar. Unexpectedly, the histopathological findings were reported as immature teratoma in two cases and mature teratoma in one along with GP.


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