Journal of Indira Gandhi Institute Of Medical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 56--59

The clinical and radiological assessment of biplanar and uniplanar distal locking screw in tibia interlocking nail


Ashutosh Kumar1, Rishabh Kumar1, Anand Shanker1, Rakesh Kumar1, Vidya Sagar2, Santosh Kumar2 
1 Department of Trauma and Emergency, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Santosh Kumar
Department of Orthopaedics, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar
India

Background: The clinical and radiological assessment of biplanar (two coronal and one sagittal) and uniplanar (only two coronal) distal locking screw in tibia interlocking nailing. Materials and Methods: Fifty-one patients who had tibial shaft treated with intramedullary nailing were included in this study. Out of 51, 26 fractures were treated with uniplanar two distal interlocking (Group 1) and 25 fractures were treated with biplanar three distal interlocking (Group 2). Patients with closed fractures shaft of tibia treated by closed nailing were included. Fracture unions were evaluated clinically and radiologically. Results: Union time was shorter in biplanar (two coronal and one sagittal) distal interlocking group (Group 2) compared to uniplanar (only two coronal) distal interlocking group (Group 1). Mean union time in Groups 1 and 2 were 9.34 and 5.16 months, respectively. Conclusion: Biplanar (two coronal and one sagittal) distal interlocking procedure had a significantly shorter union time. Clinically, an average of 5–10' of external rotation of the leg was observed in Group 1, whereas 0–3' of external rotation of the leg was observed in Group 2 patients. Biplanar distal interlocking had more fracture union, probably because of a more stable fixation.


How to cite this article:
Kumar A, Kumar R, Shanker A, Kumar R, Sagar V, Kumar S. The clinical and radiological assessment of biplanar and uniplanar distal locking screw in tibia interlocking nail.J Indira Gandhi Inst Med Sci 2022;8:56-59


How to cite this URL:
Kumar A, Kumar R, Shanker A, Kumar R, Sagar V, Kumar S. The clinical and radiological assessment of biplanar and uniplanar distal locking screw in tibia interlocking nail. J Indira Gandhi Inst Med Sci [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Aug 17 ];8:56-59
Available from: http://www.jigims.co.in/article.asp?issn=2394-9031;year=2022;volume=8;issue=1;spage=56;epage=59;aulast=Kumar;type=0